Last edited by Basar
Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

4 edition of Economic causes and consequences of defense expenditures in the Middle East and South Asia found in the catalog.

Economic causes and consequences of defense expenditures in the Middle East and South Asia

by Robert E. Looney

  • 133 Want to read
  • 4 Currently reading

Published by Westview Press in Boulder .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Middle East,
  • South Asia,
  • Middle East.,
  • South Asia.
    • Subjects:
    • War -- Economic aspects -- Middle East.,
    • War -- Economic aspects -- South Asia.,
    • Military readiness.,
    • Middle East -- Economic policy.,
    • South Asia -- Economic policy.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. [217]-223) and index.

      StatementRobert E. Looney and David Winterford.
      ContributionsWinterford, David, 1949-
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHC415.15.Z9 D45 1995
      The Physical Object
      Paginationx, 227 p. ;
      Number of Pages227
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1110238M
      ISBN 100813384427
      LC Control Number94035985

        The Middle East's Conflicts Are About Religion by Oren Kessler A meme is gaining traction within American government and media, and it goes like this: The conflicts of the Middle East . The Effects of Defense Burden on Growth East Asia and the Pacific it was over 5 percent and in Latin America it grew at almost 2 percent per annum. During the period , growth in Africa was more rapid than in defense spending on economy growth has received substantial attention in the defense economics literature. Secondly.

        Another risk to South East Asia is China’s economy, which is slowing not only because of the trade tensions but of domestic factors. Overall, we expect growth rates to decelerate slightly across most South-East Asian economies, although the impact of elections and monetary pressures in several could muddy the waters.   Middle East countries are expanding defense budgets at a rapid rate. Between and , MENA defense spending is expected reach $ billion despite low oil prices. While investment in defense is a short-term necessity as conflict in Iraq, Syria, and Yemen threatens regional security, a longer-term trend of spending risks instigating an.

      Why the Middle East is Economically Underdeveloped: Historical Mechanisms of Institutional Stagnation by Timur Kuran. Published in vol issue 3, pages of Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer , Abstract: Although a millennium ago the Middle East was not an economic .   Bahrain Economic Outlook. July 7, Economic conditions have deteriorated significantly since March, when measures were first introduced to contain the spread of coronavirus. In April–May, the value of point of sales transactions in Bahrain dropped by approximately one quarter annually, indicating depressed private consumption.


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Economic causes and consequences of defense expenditures in the Middle East and South Asia by Robert E. Looney Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book presents a detailed and rigorous quantitative economic assessment, analysis, and interpretation of the causes and consequences of regional defense expenditures in countries in the Middle East and South Asia. It examines the relationship between defense spending and budgetary : The Economic Consequences of Defense Expenditures in the Middle East and South Asia -- 6.

Defense Expenditures and Human Capital Development in the Middle East and South Asia -- 7. The Budgetary Impact of Defense Expenditures in the Middle East and South Asia -- 8.

Iran: Budgetary Priorities in a Revolutionary State -- 9. Defense Expenditures and Socio-Economic Development in the Middle East and South Asia: A Factor Analytic Approach Looney, Robert E.

Looney, R.E., "Defense Expenditures and Socio-Economic Development in the Middle East and þÿSouth Asia: A Factor Analytic Approach, ˛ Kuwait University Journal of the Social Sciences, Autumn/Winter The economic consequences of defense expenditures in the Middle East Robert E.

Looney National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California USA Abstract Since the Middle East has the highest defense burden (defense expenditures as.

Relative to their size, Middle East and North African countries are outspending every other part of the world when it comes to defense. On average, defense budgets in the. The aim of this paper is to examine the effects of military expenditures on economic growth for Middle Eastern countries and Turkey for the time-period – The relationship between the military expenditure and economic growth is investigated by using cross.

Al-Yousif, Y.K. () Defense spending and economic growth: some empirical evidence from the Arab Gulf region. Defence and Peace Economics, 13 (3), pp. – The economics of defense or defense economics is a subfield of economics, an application of the economic theory to the issues of military defense.

It is a relatively new field. An early specialized work in the field is the RAND Corporation report The Economics of Defense in the Nuclear Age by Charles J. Hitch and Roland McKean (, also published as a book). Mending US-Russia Relations to Stem the Sectarian Contagion in the Middle East.

While the roots of ethno-sectarian conflict in the Middle East are manifold, there is little doubt that the concocted ‘new cold war’ between the United States and Russia has further fanned the flames in Syria and across the region.

Increased military spending leads to slower economic growth. Military spending tends to have a negative impact on economic growth. Over a year period, a 1% increase in military spending will decrease a country’s economic growth by 9%.

Increased military spending is especially detrimental to the economic growth of wealthier countries. Summary. On the other hand, defence spending may have growth‐promoting potential benefits: a rise in defence spending may result in a higher aggregate demand, production and employment.

This paper examines empirically the effects of military expenditures on economic growth for Middle Eastern countries and Turkey, for the time‐period –   WASHINGTON February 4, — The World Bank’s latest Quarterly Economic Brief for MENA has revised estimates of economic growth in MENA, at percent infalling short of expectations from the percent predicted in October.

Being constrained by war, terrorism and to some extent cheap oil, short term growth prospects remain “cautiously pessimistic”. Download the Report The Middle East has long been one of the most unstable regions in the world, and there are no present prospects for change in the near future.

This instability is the result of ongoing conflicts and tensions, and a variety of political tensions and divisions. It also, however, is the result of a wide variety of long-term pressures growing out of poor governance, corruption.

The discovery of vast oil deposits revolutionized the Middle East's economy. More than half of the world's known oil reserves are found in the region, although they are not equally distributed. Saudi Arabia has the largest deposits and is the world's leading oil producer and exporter. The United States constantly faces major challenges in the Middle East that require high-level attention and the commitment of significant military, economic, and diplomatic resources.

Despite. Summarize the causes and effects of the arms race and proxy wars in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Use the table below to answer the following question. United States Military Deaths by Country of Casualty Country of Casualty Number of Records Cambodia Laos North Vietnam 1, Communist China Military expenditure (% of GDP) - Middle East.

Definition: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for.

On the other hand; Heo () suggested that military spending causes a reduction in investments and exports and consequently hinders the economic growth which means that there is an indirect negative effect of military spending on real income for South Korea.

The war in Afghanistan began in and has cost the U.S. $ billion, including estimates for The number grows even more when taking into account increases in the base budgets for the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

for Europe, the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East and the Eco­ nomic Commission for Latin America; regional economic commissions do not exist in respect of Africa and the Middle East. On July 2,the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence hosted a discussion on defense spending, military strategy and sequestration in the context of the broader American economic Start Date:   The Middle East has become the world’s most polarized region and, paradoxically, its most integrated.

That combination—along with weak state structures, powerful nonstate actors, and multiple transitions occurring almost simultaneously—also makes the Middle East. The U.S. strategic guidance summarized in the Department of Defense justification of its FY budget request states that the U.S.

will, “continue its contributions to the Asia-Pacific rebalance, while remaining committed to the security of allies and partners in the Middle East.